After numerous drafts fromthe final version was submitted to the Emperor in April The Imperial Diet shall be convoked every year. The Emperor declares a state of siege.
The administrative reorganization had been largely accomplished bywhen the domains were officially abolished and replaced by a prefecture system that has remained in place to the present day. Both Houses may enact, besides what is provided for in the present Constitution and in the Law of the Houses, rules necessary for the management of their internal affairs.
No Member of either House shall be held responsible outside the respective Houses, for any opinion uttered or for any vote given in the House.
Thus, the flexible Meiji constitution presided over a system that moved away from autocracy in the s, to a nearly British-style of parliamentary democracy in the s, to a system dominated by the military and strongly influenced by European fascism in the s and during World War II.
Trials and Meiji constitution of a Court shall be conducted publicly. The United States Constitution was rejected as "too liberal" and the British system as being too unwieldy and granting too much power to Parliament.
Both Houses can make representations to the Government, as to laws or upon any other subject. That was followed, after the end of the fighting, by the dismantling of the old feudal regime. The leaders of the government and the political parties were left with the task of interpretation as to whether the Meiji Constitution could be used to justify authoritarian or liberal-democratic rule.
When it has become necessary in future to amend the provisions of the present Constitution, a project to the effect shall be submitted to the Imperial Diet by Imperial Order. The unequal treaties that had granted foreign powers judicial and economic privileges through extraterritoriality were revised inand with the Anglo-Japanese Alliance of and its victory in two wars over China in —95 and Russia in —05Japan gained respect in the eyes of the Western world, appearing for the first time on the international scene as a major world power.
No modification of the Imperial House Law shall be required to be submitted to the deliberation of the Imperial Diet. When it has become necessary in future to amend the provisions of the present Constitution, a project to the effect shall be submitted to the Imperial Diet by Imperial Order.
The Emperor, in consequence of an urgent necessity to maintain public safety or to avert public calamities, issues, when the Imperial Diet is not sitting, Imperial Ordinances in the place of law.
The conditions and effects of a state of siege shall be determined by law. The Privy Councilor shall, in accordance with the provisions for the organization of the Privy Council, deliberate upon important matters of State, when they have been consulted by the Emperor.
Japanese subjects shall, within limits not prejudicial to peace and order, and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects, enjoy freedom of religious belief. Influence was also drawn from the British Westminster systemalthough it was considered as being unwieldy and granting too much power to Parliament.
In order to supply deficiencies, which are unavoidable, in the Budget, and to meet requirements unprovided for in the same, a Reserve Fund shall be provided in the Budget. Both Houses can make representations to the Government, as to laws or upon any other subject.
In order to supply deficiencies, which are unavoidable, in the Budget, and to meet requirements unprovided for in the same, a Reserve Fund shall be provided in the Budget. The duration of an extraordinary session shall be determined by Imperial Order.
The structure of the Diet showed both Prussian and British influences, most notably in the inclusion of the House of Peers which resembled the Prussian Herrenhaus and the British House of Lordsand of the Speech from the Throne.
The Empire of Japan shall be reigned over and governed by a line of Emperors unbroken for ages eternal. But the ministers could be quite independent because the constitution specified that they were responsible to the emperor, not the Diet.
Considering that Our subjects are the descendants of the loyal and good subjects of Our Imperial Ancestors, We doubt not but that Our subjects will be guided by Our views, and will sympathize with all Our endeavors, and that, harmoniously cooperating together, they will share with Us Our hope of making manifest the glory of Our country, both at home and abroad, and of securing forever the stability of the work bequeathed to Us by Our Imperial Ancestors.
At no point did the constitution mention the cabinet which had been created in ; this was one of the major ambiguities in the Meiji constitutional system.The Meiji constitution was promulgated by the emperor in and was replaced by the present constitution which was promulgated in November and put into action in May The Constitution of the Empire of Japan (Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國憲法; Shinjitai: 大日本帝国憲法 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kenpō), known informally as the Meiji Constitution (明治憲法 Meiji Kenpō), was the constitution of the Empire of Japan which had the proclamation on February 11,and had enacted since November 29, until.
A new constitution adopted in created a constitutional monarchy and formally ended feudalism, dismantled the old bureaucratic institutions, outlawed samurai and guaranteed individual rights.
A Western-style Parliamentary government and legal code. Meiji Constitution: Meiji Constitution, constitution of Japan from to After the Meiji Restoration (), Japan’s leaders sought to create a constitution that would define Japan as a capable, modern nation deserving of Western respect while preserving their own power.
The resultant document, largely the. The Meiji Constitution Japan Answers the Challenge of the Western World In the Tokugawa shôgun ("great general"), who ruled Japan in the feudal period, lost his power and the emperor was restored to the supreme position.
Primary Source Document with Questions (DBQs) EXCERPTS FROM THE MEIJI CONSTITUTION OF Introduction Promulgated on February 11,the Meiji Constitution was a major landmark in the making of the modern.Download