The caryatids on the erechtheion of

The Erechtheion

Some scholars believe it was built in honor of the mythical King Erechtheus wikipedia. The building is known for early examples of egg-and-dartand guilloche ornamental moldings. This is one of six caryatids that held up the roof of the temple on the Acropolis known as the Erechtheion.

Some scholars believe it was built in honor of the mythical King Erechtheus wikipedia. She probably held a sacrificial vessel in one of the missing hands. Whatever the origin may have been, the association of Caryatids with slavery persists and is prevalent in Renaissance art.

The reassembled Caryatid, along with the four others remaining in Athens, are having their decayed patina thoroughly restored by laser, and are on display in the new museum. The figure strongly resembles the women of the east frieze of the Parthenon, which had just been completed when work on the Erechtheion began.

It was then that Mnesicles, an architect, and Phidias, a sculptor and mason, created what is now known as The Caryatid of the Erechtheion khanacademy.


No matter the original cause for it being built, the Erechtheion is a very striking structure that embodies many features common to Ancient Greek architecture. Scientists were working in to repair the damage using laser cleaning.

Although of the same height and build, and similarly attired and coiffed, the six Caryatids are not the same: Here is this poor little caryatid who has tried—and failed, fallen under the load Show lessRead more Title: The five originals that are in Athens are now being exhibited in the new Acropolis Museum, on a special balcony that allows visitors to view them from all sides.

Jansonhas detailed drawings of some of the decorations. The statue was smashed, and its fragments were left behind. The Acropolis Museum holds the other five figures, which are replaced onsite by replicas. It was later reconstructed haphazardly with cement and iron rods.

The purpose for the Erechtheion is lightly debated. Religious functions[ edit ] The Erectheum was associated with some of the most ancient and holy relics of the Athenians: The features of the Caryatids of the Erechtheion would soon become common across the Greek architectural community and a classic representation of the art of that age.

Khan Academy, 1 Oct. The New York Times, 07 July Pentelic marble caryatid from the Erechtheion. This is one of six female figures that supported the architrave in the south porch of the Erechtheion.

The woman wears a peplos pinned on each shoulder. Athenian legend had it that at night the remaining five Caryatids could be heard wailing for their lost sister. Elgin attempted to remove a second Caryatid; when technical difficulties arose, he tried to have it sawn to pieces.

The statue was smashed, and its fragments were left behind.

The Erechtheion

Around BC, Erechtheion was being built on the Acropolis in Athens. Some of the most striking features of that building are the Caryatid of the Erechtheion and their importance to.


The area around the Erechtheion was considered the most sacred of the Acropolis. The Erechtheion was a complex marble building in the Ionic order, an exceptional artwork. The eastern part of the Temple was dedicated to Athena, whilst the western part was dedicated to local hero Boutes, Hephaistos and other gods and heroes.

The Erechtheion has suffered a troubled history of misuse and neglect, but with its prominent position above the city and porch of six Caryatids, it remains one of the most distinctive buildings from antiquity.


Between and G.B. Lusieri, acting on behalf of Lord Elgin, removed this caryatid, which stood second from the left on the front of the south porch. During the Greek War of Independence () the Erectheion was reduced to ruins, although the caryatids survived.

Caryatid and column from the Erechtheion Download
The caryatids on the erechtheion of
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